The Royal Granma fish, also known as Fairy Basslet or Gran Maroreto, is a small, vibrant fish native to the Caribbean.
This is a hard, calm fish, perfect for beginners and experts.
This fish is usually the crown in a personal collection and is a perfect complement to most saltwater aquariums.
In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about keeping the Royal Granma, including dietary needs, typical behavior, required water tank conditions, and compatibility with other species.
However, before I begin, I have provided a quick fact sheet below for anyone looking for a summary.
|Color form:||Purple, Yellow|
|Life:||More than 5 years|
|Size:||Up to 3″|
|Minimum tank size:||30 gallons|
|Tank settings:||Oceans: Corals or rocks and plants|
|Coral reef compatibility (safety):||That’s right|
Royal Granma Overview
Royal Granma is a beginner-friendly, low-maintenance and peaceful saltwater fish that will be offered in special colours and it is placed in any aquarium with its vibrant purple and yellow body.
It is a coral reef compatible, easy to care for, fish, which is generally considered to have most quaalus.
They can be purchased for about $20 (depending on its size) and are an interesting fish watch.
Another reason why Royal Grammas is popular with beginners is that they are cold-resistant and resistant to many common diseases.
This is a fish that you can’t really make a mistake. They are also friendly with many other species and make a great community fish. Your tank should be at least 30 gallons and contain lots of rock work and caves to keep them hidden – which helps them feel safe. However, since they are accustomed to deep water, water tanks should not be exposed to any harsh lighting.
Generally speaking, with beginners, this fish should be kept as a single specimen and you should expect it to live until at least 5 years old.
Royal Gram’s Look
The Royal Granma is often the crowning glory of any aquarium because of its vibrant colors; the first half of the fish is characterized by a bright rainbow purple or purple, mixed with a tail into a golden yellow.
The middle of the fish, mixed with two colors, generally has a series of points that give each royal Grama a different pattern.
You’ll also notice a thin black line that extends upward from the mouth, through the eyes, with a small black dot on the dorsal fin.
The Royal Granma is a small fish and you should expect your fish to grow to about 3 inches in size. The largest captive royal Granma was measured at 3.1 inches.
Since all Gramas are born to women, it is not possible to determine the sex at birth. In the shoals, however, the most dominant group members change their gender and become male. Males will grow bigger than females and their abdominal fins will be larger.
In addition, men are usually more bright colors than women.
Royal Granma is often confused with the Royal Point back (Picani Mispaganile). Although the Royal Dot back looks similar, it is a very aggressive fish with low compatibility with most other species – generally avoiding beginners.
The easiest way to distinguish between the Royal Granma and the Royal Dot is to observe the color on the body.
On the back of the Royal Dot, there is no mix between purple and yellow. However, in The Royal Grama, you will find purple light into yellow. In addition, the Royal Dot has clear fins on its back.
Royal Granma Habitat and Tank Requirements
The Royal Granma fish is a saltwater fish found in deep-water reefs in the Western Atlantic (Caribbean Sea).
Surrounded by huge rock buildings, this particular fish is at home, such as coral reefs, coral outcrops, caves and dangling under dreary lights.
They make this rock their home and don’t take risks because they are not good swimmers. You’ll see them hiding in rocks working, waiting for food particles to float, they can eat, and then quickly swim home.
It is usually located at a depth of 2-60 meters, most famously swimming upside down under cliffs and caves.
As for keeping the Royal Grama at the aquarium, the minimum tank size you should use is 30 gallons. If you’re going to keep them in pairs, you should have at least 50 gallons of fuel tank. Finally, if you plan to keep a group, you need a tank size of more than 100 gallons.
Now, for the condition of the tank.
The perfect water temperature is anywhere from 72 to 78 degrees F. PH levels should be kept within 8.1 and 8.4, carbonate hardness (dKH) is 8-12 degrees, and specific gravity is 1.020-1.025.
In addition, the tank should not be exposed to any sharp/harsh light.
As mentioned earlier, in its natural environment, the Royal Granma will be found in the deep-water reef. So you should make sure your tanks have a lot of live rocks, caves and caves to let them retreat and hide, because that’s what they’re going to spend most of their time.
Royal Gramas Diet and Feeding
In its natural habitat, The Royal Grama is primarily a plankton, eating phytoplankton and phytoplankton. It is called a cleaner fish, which means it also eats parasites on other fish skins.
However, when kept in the aquarium, it can and will eat small meats such as salt water and prawns.
In the aquarium environment, it also adjusts to eat dead foods such as crustaceans and fish.
With your Royal Granma, you should be committed to feeding it a different diet, including: plankton, crustaceans, mysid, saltshrimp and other high-quality frozen meat preparations.
With captive royals, you can also rely on prepared flakes and granules of food – however, make sure to mix it around as you feed them. This will Prevent your fish. From adjustment to eating only flakes and particles. This is especially true for newly acquired specimens.
Royal Granma is one of the easiest to feed. You will be hard pressed to find a discerning diner!
You should feed them several times a day. However, they are also not discerning eaters, so they will tolerate alternative feeding cycles (e.g., single-day feed cycles).
You’ll notice that they prefer to eat from the middle of the water column, and generally they rush out of their hiding place to catch anything edible nearby.
The Royal Granma is usually a calm, a little shy, passive fish, and you shouldn’t expect anything. The only exception was the question of territory. As mentioned earlier, they like to claim rock paintings and crevices as their home. When other fish invade their homes, they will become territory and chase them away.
They usually live near the home of their choice, and if they are afraid, they will soon return to their home.
As far as jumping is concerned, they are a notorious jumper. Therefore, any aquarium where they are placed must have a good weighted lid to prevent them from jumping out of the tank. When they are new to the aquarium, they are most likely to jump up.
For any unique behavior, they appear to face the stomach near the hard surface, leading to strange ability to hang and swim upside down when under the window sill. However, there is nothing to worry about, and many beginners often confuse this behavior with disease.
Compatibility with other fish
The Royal Granma is a tranquil fish that will be a great addition to most saltwater aquariums.
As a Baslet, generally, they will be fine: horns, box fish, clownfish, file fish, Gobi, clawfish, hawkfish, rabbitfish, squirrel fish, corals and invertebrates.
As a peaceful, generally passive fish, they can coexist with a wide variety of fish, provided that four key criteria are met:
- Other fish themselves should not be aggressive.
- They Should not Visually similar to Royal Gram, especially bright purple.
- They certainly shouldn’t try to puncture Grama’s chosen hiding place.
- Finally, they should not be larger, or a predatory fish capable of eating royal granmas (such as lionfish, eels and catch fish).
The premise is that you meet these four conditional settings.
Although they are peaceful in nature, they do have an interesting quirk. As mentioned in the Habitat section, they like to surround themselves by working with huge rocks.
They can be territorial and will become aggressive and chase fish when they invade their favorite caves and crevices. It is not possible to confuse with bullying, though, bullying them are not. They just have the rock paintings they call home.
For this reason, you should make sure your aquarium has a lot of rock work and hideouts if you plan to keep the Royal Gramas.
If they become aggressive, you’ll see the infamous Royal Grama ‘gape’. In this gap, Grama will open its chin as wide as possible, giving c great white shark vision!
Keep Royal Gram together.
In general, most experts recommend that the Royal Granma should be preserved as a single specimen. This is because they can be territory, there are not enough rocky jobs and hideouts, and they will continue to fight each other for this land.
So if you want to have a pair, remember to make sure your tank is at least 50 gallons and has enough rock work and gaps, so each Grama can have its own space.
The two should also be paired with men and women.
If you’re bold, there’s a success story of keeping Gram’s Bunny in the tank.
To do this, you have to introduce all of them to the tank at the same time, and there is no existing royal in the tank. In addition, the tank should be at least 100 gallons and there are many rock products.
One last tip of the rabbit: When you choose your group Gramas, be sure to get smaller specimens;
Breeding Royal Granma
Unlike many other saltwater fish, the Royal Granma is easy to breed in captivity.
Breeding activity begins with males using small rocks and algae to nest. The female sits then with 5-40 eggs in the nest. The male can then release his sperm to fertilize the egg. This usually occurs in the wild late spring/early summer.
During the breeding season, this routine will occur every day for one month.
The eggs will be “glued” to the algae for the next 5-7 days until they hatch. You’ll find that they usually hatch at night;
When they hatch in sequence, with so few numbers, the biggest problem with raising the Royal Gramas is feeding them. This is because you will find that the size of their mouths varies greatly. Therefore, it is problematic to grow these fish. It’s best to feed them until they reach a fish fry.
When they develop into fish fry, you can feed them newly hatched saltwater shrimp.
Is Royal Granma right for your aquarium? (Summary)
The Royal Granma is a hard fish that is easy to take care of. They are easy to feed and do not make many demands.
The only thing you need to explain is to add a lot of rock paintings to your aquarium so they find a place.
In general, they are compatible with a variety of other species and are one of the few saltwater fish that lay good eggs in captivity.
As for their costs, they are reasonably priced (usually $20) to buy, very affordable for feed and maintenance.
They make the perfect starter fish for beginner fish, or be a great addition to experienced fish farmers, hoping to add some colour to the fish tank.
Do you keep the Royal Grammas? Let me know your experience with them in the comments below…